Good weed used to be all about the THC. It was the one cannabinoid (compound that’s only found in marijuana plants) that everybody knew about, and it got a lot of hype. It still does today, although growers and smokers alike are also just as likely to include CBD – the compound that’s known for a sleepier, more sedative high – into the conversation as well. But are there even more compounds in weed other than THC and CBD? Of course there are, and listed below are the four everyone’s going to be talking about next.
- Cannabigerol (CBG). This cannabinoid is responsible for most of the medicinal effects of marijuana, especially when treating inflammation, anxiety, and muscle soreness. While on its own it can’t get you stoned, it does have the unique ability to transform into THC or THCV, two other cannabinoids that definitely will get you high.
- Cannabichromene (CBC). Most marijuana strains contain small amounts of CBC but while there may not be much present, it’s ten times more effective at reducing anxiety and stress than CBG. CBC alone won’t get you high either, but it’s such a powerful treatment that scientists are currently trying to create medications containing CBC. And here’s a fun party fact – according to researchers at the University of Mississippi, CBC is also responsible for brain growth!
- Cannabinol (CBN). CBN develops in marijuana when oxygen is introduced to THC. Because of this, old weed or marijuana bags that have been left open for a while will have higher amounts of CBN. While CBN isn’t psychoactive, its sedative effects can make a person feel like they’ve been heavily drugged. Because of these heavy effects, CBN is known for a being a great treatment for insomnia.
- Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV). This cannabinoid is nearly identical to THC, so it’s no surprise that on its own, THCV can get you very high. There’s one major difference however between the two compounds – with THCV you’ll never experience munchies. Haze strains are typically known for being higher in THCV.
While these four cannabinoids are the ones scientists and botanists currently know the most about, the cannabis plant is still being heavily studied and analyzed. Researchers at GW Pharm have identified over 60 cannabinoids in the marijuana plant, although they’re still not entirely sure of what each does. Some of those cannabinoids are:
Once more research has been complete, the hope is that different cannabinoids can be increased and combined with other cannabinoids to treat even more illnesses and ailments.